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Photograph of Burns Mausoleum, Dumfries, 1999

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Burns Mausoleum, Dumfries

Introduction:
Robert Burns was originally buried in St Michael's Churchyard, Dumfries, in a simple grave, marked only by a plain stone slab. In 1803 when Dorothy and William Wordsworth visited Dumfries they had difficulty in even finding the grave. Burns' admirers came to believe that this was an insufficient memorial to the poet.
Image Rights Holder:
Dumfries & Galloway Museums Service
Ref:
181
Project:
241:Robert Burns - People and Places
What:
Photograph of Burns Mausoleum, Dumfries, 1999
Subject:
The laying of wreaths at the mausoleum on the poet's birthday was instigated by Dumfries Burns Club. This ceremony was observed throughout the 19th century and formed part of the celebrations of the first and second centenary of his birth. It is still an important element of the rituals of Burns' birthday today.
Who:
Robert Burns (1759-1796) (his burial place)
Dumfries Burns Club (perform ceremonies here)
Peter Turnerelli (1774-1839) (sculptor)
King George IV (1762-1830) (subscriber to Mausoleum fund)
John Syme (1755-1831) (friend of Burns)
William Wordsworth (1770-1850) (visited Burns grave)
Dorothy Wordsworth (1771-1855) (visited Burns grave)
When:
1999
Where:
Dumfries Museum, Dumfries & Galloway
Background:
The laying of wreaths at the mausoleum on the poet's birthday was instigated by Dumfries Burns Club. This ceremony was observed throughout the 19th century and formed part of the celebrations of the first and second centenary of his birth. It is still an important element of the rituals of Burns' birthday today.
Description:
In 1813 his friend, John Syme formed a committee and launched an appeal to build a mausoleum in his memory. One of the subscribers was the Prince Regent, later George IV. The mausoleum was completed in September 1817. The statuary group which is within the mausoleum was designed and worked by Peter Turnerelli. It depicts Burns' own conception of 'Coila', representing the Ayrshire district of Kyle where he was born, throwing her inspiring mantle over the poet as he works at the plough.